cold patch asphalt

Hot Mix Asphalt Vs. Cold Patch Asphalt

Most asphalt paving companies halt services at the end of December, while others offer what is called winter paving. Winter asphalt is typically in the form of cold patching, and is not the same as summer asphalt. Cold patch asphalt is beneficial and often necessary. However, it differs significantly from the hot mix asphalt you get in summer.

Cold Patch Asphalt:

  • hot asphalt mix vs. cold patch asphaltCold patching asphalt is essentially what it sounds like; filling a pothole with gravel/asphalt material without heating it.
  • It is cheap and quick, but it’s only temporary.
  • Cold patch asphalt is not heated, and it’s meant for temporary or emergency repair (usually as a way to get a parking lot through winter to hot asphalt paving season).

Hot Mix Asphalt:

  • hot asphalt mix vs. cold patch asphaltHot mix asphalt is the best way to repair potholes, as it is a more permanent method.
  • It is the classic asphalt paving you’re familiar with that involves a hot mixture and compaction machinery.
  • There are a couple different paving methods used –
    1. Milling – This is a method of resurface paving. Using a milling machine to grind down the top layer of the existing asphalt (typically 1.5” depth). A recycling center takes these millings for recycling. A new layer of paving is put on top to match the prior thickness.
    2. Pulverization/Full Depth Reclamation – Asphalt reclamation is a very “green” method of paving. In this process, the full depth of the asphalt and pulverizing the remaining portion of the underlying materials takes place. Then blended together to produce a stabilized base course to pave on. Reconstructing the existing asphalt and transforming it into processed stone in-place takes place. This process eliminates costly truck moves and hauling expenses.
  • hot asphalt mix vs. cold patch asphaltThere are several different types of hot mix asphalt patching used for repair
    1. Saw Cut & Patch – This method involves the cutting and removing of sections of pavement that have deteriorated. After removal, filling these sections with hot mix asphalt takes place (according to the appropriate depth and grade).
    2. Milling & Patching – As described above, the milling process involves a pavement’s surface being ground to a desired depth so that a new layer of hot asphalt mix can be put on top. This process is actually very economical because you can choose the depth of your repair.
    3. Infra-Red Patching – Innovative machinery heats and softens the asphalt surface. Therefore, allowing it to be workable in any weather (above 0 degrees).

Preparation List

Prior to winter, you will want to prepare your asphalt. That it is ready to take on the cold, harsh, and wet months ahead. Some parking lot winter preparation items include; inspection, cleaning up your lot, drainage check , crack filling, pothole patching, sealcoating, and re-striping your parking lot lines.

Completing hot mix asphalt patching prior to winter is important. But if winter brings on major parking lot deficits, applying a cold asphalt patch is beneficial. As this temporarily slows down deterioration. As this will help until you can apply hot mix asphalt next season. It is important to understand that cold patch asphalt is only a temporary fix. Expecting it to permanently fix your asphalt is unrealistic.

By proactively maintaining and repairing your parking lot, you can help extend its overall lifespan, and ensure a safe lot. Contact EastCoat Pavement Services today for your free paving, repair, and/or maintenance parking lot consultation!

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